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Friday November 4th, 2011

Baker v. Carr After 50 Years: Appraising the Reapportionment Revolution – Panel 2: Real Impact of Re-Districting on Elections


Jessie Hill, Professor of Law and Director, Center for Social Justice, Case Western Reserve University School of Law


Justin Buchler, Associate Professor of Political Science, Case Western
Reserve University

Mark Salling, Director, Northern Ohio Data and Information Services,
Cleveland State University

Tom Brunell, Professor of Political Science and Senior Associate Dean of Graduate Education University of Texas at Dallas

John Griffin, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Notre Dame

Michael Kang, Associate Dean of Faculty and Professor of Law, Emory University

Friday November 4, 2011, 8:45 a.m.-4:30 p.m.

The Law Review Symposium at Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Next year marks the 50th anniversary of Baker v. Carr, the ruling that established the one-person/one-vote principle and led to profound changes in the way legislative districts are drawn at every level of government. U.S. federal courts are regularly embroiled in resolving districting and apportionment disputes, which have profound implications for the distribution of political power and influence throughout the nation as well as for the way public policies are made at the national, state, and local levels. Legal scholars and social scientists will address the many questions that have arisen from Baker v. Carr, including principles of districting, the nature of representation, voting rights, and the capacity of courts to resolve districting and apportionment disputes.

Additional Information About Our Guest…

Jessie Hill is a Professor and Director of the Center for Social Justice at Case Western Reserve University School of Law. Ms. Hill’s teaching focuses on constitutional law, federal civil procedure, civil rights, reproductive rights, and law and religion. She is a graduate of Brown University and Harvard Law School. Her scholarship is published or forthcoming in the Michigan Law Review, Duke Law Journal, Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, and the Texas Law Review, among others. Prior to teaching, Professor Hill worked at the Reproductive Freedom Project of the national ACLU office in New York, litigating challenges to state-law restrictions on reproductive rights, and then practiced First Amendment and civil rights law with Berkman, Gordon, Murray & DeVan in Cleveland. She also served as law clerk to the Honorable Karen Nelson Moore of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.

Justin Buchler is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Case Western Reserve University. He is the author of Hiring and Firing Public Officials: Rethinking the Purpose of Elections (Oxford University Press 2011). The book is the culmination of several years of research into the role that competitive elections play in a democracy. Contrary to conventional wisdom, the book argues that competitive elections, by most definitions, indicate democratic dysfunction because a competitive election is not comparable to a competitive market. Instead, tossing a coin is a poor method for making hiring and firing decisions, which is what elections actually are.

Professor Buchler’s other publications address redistricting, campaign finance, and polarization in Congress using a combination of game theory, statistical analysis and democratic theory. Currently, Professor Buchler’s research focuses on how to explain recent trends towards polarization in Congress through spatial modeling.

Mark J. Salling researches and teaches urban geography, statistical and computer methods, and demography. He manages a team of researchers, programmers, geographic information systems (GIS) specialists, and students involved in data dissemination, demographic analysis, and urban and GIS applications. He also serves as the Research Director of The Center for Community Solutions in Cleveland, managing a team of researchers conducting applied social and health issue research projects.

Professor Salling is a Census expert, serving as the State of Ohio’s Liaison to the Census Bureau for its redistricting data programs. He is also the key contact person for the Census Bureau on geographic boundaries in Cuyahoga, Geauga, Medina counties. He serves on the Council of the Ohio Geographically Referenced Information Program (OGRIP), representing higher education. In addition, he is a member of the Core Committee of GISCorps, which matches GIS professionals to volunteer opportunities in underprivileged communities, particularly in developing countries. Professor Salling is certified as a GIS Professional (GISP) by the Geographic Information Systems Certification Institute (GISCI). He has published papers dealing with computer applications in planning, data dissemination, geographic information systems, poverty, residential mobility, environmental equity, redistricting and public participation GIS, and demography. Frequently quoted in local and state media, Professor Salling earned his B.A. and Ph.D. in Geography from Kent State University and his M.A. in Geography from the University of Cincinnati.

Thomas L. Brunell is a professor of Political Science and the Senior Associate Dean of Graduate Education at the University of Texas at Dallas. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Irvine in 1997. His research and teaching focuses on the U.S. Congress, elections, representation, and redistricting. He has published dozens of articles in peer reviewed journals and his book, Redistricting and Representation: Why Competitive Elections are Bad for America, was published in 2008.

Dr. Brunell has served as a consultant and an expert witness in many redistricting and Voting Rights Act related lawsuits. He has testified in state and federal courts around the country regarding these issues.

John D. Griffin specializes in the study of political equality within American political institutions, especially the U.S. Congress. His work has appeared in the American Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Political Research Quarterly, and several edited volumes. He recently published a co-authored book titled Minority Report: Evaluating Political Equality in America with the University of Chicago Press. He is currently writing a book with John Aldrich on the failure of representation in the American South, also for University of Chicago Press.

Michael S. Kang teaches Election Law, Business Associations and a seminar on Law and Democratic Governance. His research focuses on issues of election law, voting and race, shareholder voting and political science. Professor Kang’s work has been published by the Yale Law Journal, NewYork University Law Review and Michigan Law Review, among others. Professor Kang also serves as co-editor of the book series Cambridge Studies in Election Law and Democracy and co-authored a chapter for the first book in the series, “Race, Reform, and Regulation of the Electoral Process.” Professor Kang visited Cornell Law School during the 2008 spring semester and Harvard Law School during the 2009 spring semester.

Professor Kang received his BA and JD from the University of Chicago, where he served as technical editor of the University of Chicago Law Review and graduated Order of the Coif. He received an M.A. from the University of Illinois and his Ph.D. in government from Harvard University. After law school, Professor Kang clerked for Judge Michael S. Kanne of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit and worked in private practice at Ropes & Gray in Boston before joining the Emory Law faculty in 2004.